We continue our study into how transnationalism influences the exchange of ideas between two countries and how this exchange can affect the culture of both nations. Because of modern day technology in both communications and transport it has brought about new maximizing of benefits to both new host nations and previous residences. So, peoples from the place of origin can develop and maintain ties with their families and friends who have migrated far easier. Whilst contributing socially and economically to both societies. Cultural exchanges are often made through different societies, be they in the arts, food, tourism, music, dance etc.

Transnational exchanges can also be made in economic areas also. It could be through increased trade between the host and original nations, investment in goods and services including specialized trades. For example, it is common for new immigrants to want food stuffs from their old home and therefore international demand is increased by means of imports and exports.

Political Transnationalism

In the past many migrants left their homes to seek refuge in new countries, and to some extent that is still the case. And certain migrants may get involved in political or social activism to raise awareness of their particular plight. This may be in the promotion of human rights or perhaps fund-raising activities for the people back home. These sort of activities tend to happen in post-conflict rebuilding or after natural disasters such as floods etc. Transnational migrants may also greatly influence ideals and thoughts back at home in subtler ways, perhaps by voicing views of new political thinking in their adopted countries.

Some migrants take the opportunity to experience transnationalism as a positive to enrich themselves personally both culturally and financially. For certain education, professionalism, lifestyle, and language can all be enhanced, which in turn broadens the migrants experience and helps them to navigate between different cultural ideas and activities.

The Challenges of Transnationalism

Certainly, there are many challenges to transnationalism at all different levels. At the very first instance the challenges arise at a family level, perhaps the disruption caused by families being torn apart. Perhaps the main breadwinner migrates and the family struggle financially. The separation between parents and their children is another major challenge, it can bring very strong psychological problems and increase the vulnerability of aged family members left behind. Any family disruption can have far reaching effects and ensuing social repercussions that are largely borne by the female members of the family.

New ways are constantly being formed by migrants to keep family bonds strong with their families left behind in the old countries. Relationships continue across borders and the flow of engagement is frequent and in-depth. Sometimes the worst challenge of transnationalism is a loss of identity, it is a feeling of belonging to nowhere and between two places.

Finally, transnationalism can affect family relationships, where children forge new alliances with their adopted country in preference to family ties. There are without doubt many challenges faced by migrants that can greatly influence the level of transnationalism that is formed when they leave their homelands. But even so, transnationalism can only grow in subsequent years due to our global civilization.